Copyrighting is the process of protecting ones intellectual published or unpublished work, which can include music, paintings, literature, drama, story, and so on. Hence, copyrighting is protection of the expression of the idea and not the idea. Initially only books were copyrighted, but overtime, many other things were added to the list.
Now that we know what is copyrighting, let us consider one example to be clear on the idea. If an author writes a novel on rich girl falling in love with a poor boy, it does not give him the monopoly in this theme. Only the story that he has created, with details, cannot be copied. However, this theme of rich girl and poor boy can be used by any other author.
So what is the benefit of copyrighting one’s work? If an artist copyrights his work, it gives only him the right to use the work, and others, only if he sells the copyright. There is no fix or necessary procedure to copyright a thing. In most cases, thing (say novel story for instance) is automatically copyrighted. So, the creation of the work is also the creation of copyright. However, to ensure the work is copyrighted, many countries have made it a rule to copyright the work.
Copyright owners can give permission or the right to use their work, which does not affect their ownership at all. The buyers of this permission can make several public copies, make adaption, and sell their work. Along with permission, the owner also has the right to sell their copyrighted work to others for professional or personal use. The new owner then owns the copyright and can make use of it in any way. But these two concepts are not to be confused with ownership of the work. It is entirely a different concept. Buying or selling of the work does not come under ‘what is copyrighting’.