Internet is accessed mostly in 2 ways – wireless and broadband. WiMax combines these two and gives fast broad band Internet access on wireless connection. This Internet can be accessed on a long distance. It delivers broad band at home, creates wireless hotspots in locations like college campus and airports.
WiMax is based on IEEE 802.16 Air Interface Standard and it gives point to multi point architecture which makes it ideal for the carriers to provide broad band to the locations where wired connectivity is costly or difficult. This is also an ideal solution to deliver broadband to the rural places where the high speed connection isn’t available yet. WiMax lines may be routed or bridged to standard wireless or wired LAN or Local Area Network.
Providing wired broadband in remote areas can be difficult and hence Wi-Max is often the preferred solution. It is based on wireless technology and unlike few other wireless technologies; it does not need any direct LOS or Line of Sight between endpoint and source. The service range can be as big as 50 kms. Shared data rate can be up to 70 MBPS which is good enough to provide fast connection to a lot of homes at once.
WiMax has few advantages over standard Wi-Fi which is based on similar technology. However, WiMax offers larger range and bandwidth efficiency too is better. WiMax can be used for providing Internet connectivity to large cities and can be inducted in laptops for giving users Internet connectivity while travelling.
WiMax requires a tower which is similar to cell phone tower and this tower has to be connected to standard wired Internet high speed connection like a T3 line. Traditional internet connectivity divides the bandwidth using a wire but WiMax uses microwave link for Internet connectivity.
WiMax doesn’t need any cables for connecting on each endpoint and hence this is a good solution for giving Internet connectivity on campus, high rise buildings, or any communities. It saves a lot of manpower.